our platform

Executive Summary

As the leadership race gets underway, we want party members to get a clear sense of our values, goals, and vision for the future. In order to do this, we have launched this introductory book of policy recommendations so that members can get a sneak peek at what is to come. All of our policy recommendations have been developed according to our Policy Philosophy, through the lens of our three main pillars; justice, credibility, and readiness. We believe that with these foundations we can work together to create evidence-based policies that will help everyone to flourish in the face of the unprecedented crises of the 21st century. Consider this preliminary platform as opening a conversation about where we, as a Party, go on policy. The discussion is important, and we want to empower all members to have policy conversations and bring ideas forward to be voted on at our General Meetings. Please give us your feedback

Section One of the policy book focuses on our mission to decolonize this land. Specifically, we focus on following the recommendations of Indigenous leaders, providing resources to Indigenous communities, and committing to Nation-to-Nation cooperation through a plurinational republic. 

Section Two tackles the topic of democratic reform, placing emphasis on the need for proportional representation, lowering the voting age, and empowering governance systems of local decision making. 

Section Three focuses on the broad topic of justice, speaking to the systemic inequalities in the judicial system, abolishing the police forces, transitioning to a restorative justice model along with the abolition of the current prison system, and reevaluating laws that punish Canadians for victimless crimes. 

Section Four covers the topic of health across the country. We believe that we must consider the health of all residents on this land holistically, including mental, physical, preventative, and ecological health, and provide adequate resources to promote overall health. This section also speaks to streamlining healthcare data, the inequalities in healthcare, and the climate crisis as a medical emergency. 

Section Five addresses the need to create liveable communities and compassionate social policies. The section tackles the issues of housing, transportation, and national and community green energy projects. 

Section Six speaks to the dire need to rethink our economic model and shift it towards a circular economy, speaking to ideas such as small business relief, creating a fair system of taxation, and guaranteeing a liveable income for all. 

Section Seven looks to the future of technology and asserts the need for privacy rights, the creation of regulations and national guidelines for social media and other technological industries, addressing the new and unique challenge of artificial intelligence, and the need to guarantee equal access to all. 

Section Eight continues our look into the future with a focus on labour. It addresses the topics of career training and support in industry transitions for workers, labour rights, student rights, and ensuring a sustainable work-life balance. 

Section Nine, titled Resilience, emphasizes the need to create resilient communities across the country. The sections include food security, agriculture, water security, and emergency preparedness. 

Section Ten switches focus from people, institutions, and technology to nature, and our ever-increasing need to preserve and protect it. This section, Ecosystem Regeneration, covers the topics of conservation, biodiversity, land management, and the rights of nature.

Section Eleven speaks to addressing our domestic vulnerabilities through the topics of strengthening our domestic emergency capabilities, reforming our military, and tackling threats to Northern communities. 

Finally, Section Twelve addresses our role in the international sphere. Here, we include Canada’s role in NATO, Canada’s role in United Nations peacekeeping, liberalizing immigration, and restructuring our refugee resettlement programs.

Policy Philosophy

We are facing an onslaught of unprecedented political, economic, social, and ecological crises, which have shaken public confidence in our national and global institutions. From the climate emergency, to widening socioeconomic inequality, to the threat of technological displacement, while the political establishment continually fails to respond with just, credible, and proactive policy, the progressive policies of Green political parties around the world are breaking into the mainstream. And rightfully so — we are the only parties calling for transformative, fundamental system changes to address these crises in ways that set us up for a just, sustainable society.

Guided by our core values, the Green Party has mostly reflected the framework of just, credible, and proactive policy proposals since its inception the early 1980s, and for that reason, Canadians are starting to pay more attention to our national leadership on these issues. As we move into the 2020s, we need to reaffirm and reimagine what that means for our country through new commitments and innovative policies. 

All of these campaign commitments are viewed through the lens of our campaign’s three pillars: justice, credibility, and readiness. We understand these as:

Justice: As settlers we must take responsibility for our impact on the air, land, and water, and all its inhabitants past, present, and future. We must acknowledge our entire structure of government is colonial including all parties that exist within it. Our goal is clear and common: equity and justice for all people, but the solutions to achieve it can not be prescribed. Justice includes: decolonization, social justice, and environmental justice. 

Credibility: A truly just, equitable, and sustainable future for all can only be achieved through listening to evidence derived from genuine science. We must start seeing the Earth as a whole and work collectively toward solutions for a world beyond our backyard. The process must be honest, principled, and participatory. 

Readiness: Our survival demands being prepared for the future: the crises and the breakthroughs. We must learn from past trauma if we’re to become resilient in the face of future calamity. We must reject incrementalism and embrace the opportunity of change. This means awareness of technology, people, and planet. 

We deeply respect the Green grassroots and member-driven policy process, and would simply like to strengthen it. As leader, Amita Kuttner would not only represent the members and member-driven policy, but also a direction of thought and a vision of our future centered around our campaign pillars and values. 

To be credible, robust, and respectable, all policy ideas must go through an evidence-based evaluation, in which we are willing to set aside opinions and act on what is known. But we must also acknowledge that science, evidence, and data show us many things, and recognize that they can be applied in many ways; simply stating evidence, or speaking of evidence-based policy without stating one's assumptions and intentions is not only meaningless, it is detrimental. 

The policies in our platform are reframings of past Green Party election platforms based on member submitted policies, as well as new member-sourced policy ideas and proposals we would like to champion. We have attempted to capture the intentions and goals of these policy proposals, and use relevant research to identify the best means to accomplish them, while clearly stating our assumptions and intentions. 

Our platform stands as an example of what values-forward, evidence-based policy can look like. 

The core values of the Green Party are more than just concepts to adhere to, they are who we are, and should be the foundation of our policy work as well as our goals. They come from the Global Green movement, of which we are a part: Ecological Wisdom, Social Justice, Participatory Democracy, Non-Violence, Sustainability, and Respect for Diversity.

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Section One

Embracing the Mission of Decolonization

Introduction

Canada is a colonial state formed on the basis of cultural and literal genocide of Indigenous peoples across Turtle Island. Genocide of Indigenous peoples continues today in this land we call Canada through: the use of violence and force against land and water protectors by the RCMP, the lack of access to clean drinking water on reserves and other Indigenous communities, the large numbers of missing and murdered Indigenous people that go uninvestigated, the overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in incarcerated populations, the lack of access to adequate healthcare, and the lack of access to basic amenities like grocery stores, banks, and hospitals. Furthermore, the colonial state of Canada continues to build major destructive energy projects through Indigenous territory without proper consultation with the affected communities or consideration to the impacts on their health and well-being. We are committed to ending the continued genocide of Indigenous people and working with Indigenous leaders across the country to decolonize.

Listening to Indigenous Voices

It is integral to the mission of decolonization to heed the recommendations, needs, and wisdom of Indigenous communities and leaders. The way forward is to listen and to follow. We are committed to working with Indigenous communities to implement all of the Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women, Girls, Trans, and Two Spirit people report, and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

Providing Resources

Many Indigenous people, whether they live on or off-reserve, are subject to unsafe living conditions. Their vulnerability to health risks will only increase in the face of climate change as they are often on the frontlines protecting the land from destructive energy projects, and are more likely to be heavily impacted from extreme weather events linked to climate change. We are committed to providing resources to Indigenous communities to increase resilience to climate change, including universal access to clean drinking water, additional health care, and resources to plan for adaptation to climate change. Although we largely focus on the negative aspects of large energy projects, we have not forgotten that they offer all too often the only prospect of gainful employment for Indigenous peoples. One of the keys to fight the destructiveness of these projects will be to understand the role that racism plays and meet the challenge with new and innovative industries to replace the loss of employment opportunities.

Committing to Nation-to-Nation Cooperation through a Plurinational Parliamentary Republic

Empty platitudes and government apologies are not enough. Decolonization requires full-blown institutional reform. Firstly, we are committed to working with Indigenous nations to establish a true plurinational partnership based on mutual respect by honouring existing treaties and recognizing their role as stewards of unceded lands. With constitutional recognition of Canada as a plurinational state and empowering Indigenous autonomy over their land, this partnership can begin to move forward. Secondly, we must recognize the colonial legacy of the British Empire, by ending colonial ties to the British Commonwealth and transitioning towards a parliamentary republic (though significant reform is needed in this political institution to include more Indigenous representation). Most importantly, genuine efforts towards decolonization require humility and listening to Indigenous voices to frame the mission of decolonization within their terms, not ours.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Implement all the Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the report on The Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and girls (and 2SLGBTQ+), and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  2. Mobilize government resources to build infrastructure and ensure universal access to clean drinking water for all communities within our first mandate.
  3. Transition to a Nation-to-Nation Partnership through the framework of a plurinational parliamentary republic.

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Section Two

Embracing Bold Political Reform

Introduction

2020 saw only 50% of Canadians maintaining trust in our nation’s political institutions. Much of this recent decline is because the broader population feels unjustly alienated from public decision-making, which disproportionately impacts often unrepresented racialized communities. We believe that the current political system is unsuccessful in representing the voices of citizens and needs to be addressed by bold democratic reform to reinvigorate that lost public trust. To us, our democracy needs to be much more participatory, which can be achieved by greatly expanding political representation and decentralizing decision-making processes to local communities. Our policies speak to that necessity.

Proportional Representation

We are dedicated to the design and implementation of a proportional representation electoral system through the establishment of citizen assemblies. While a variety of proportional representation systems exist throughout the globe, our campaign is most interested in exploring two main systems: Mixed-member proportional and Single-transferable vote. Along with a vast array of other benefits to political, economic, and social life, both of these models deliver on our intentions of:

  • Creating a more just political system that reflects the pluralistic nature of Canadian citizens 
  • Preserving the necessity for geographical representation
  • Producing a more collaborative political system that relies on effective consensus-building.

Lowering the Voting Age

Young Canadians have a vested interest in political involvement, but are often excluded by voting policy that arbitrarily relegates participation to those who are 18 years old or over. Considering the relevance of political decision-making and the prevalence of lower voter turnout for young people, expanding suffrage has the potential to strengthen our nation’s democratic legitimacy through greater youth civic engagement.

Empowering Local Decision-Making

We are dedicated to the recognition of local government as an order of government that has constitutionally-protected legislative jurisdiction. The decisions made by local governments are often the most relevant to the lives of citizens, yet they are relegated to being “creatures of the provinces” that are unworthy of the same respect that is provided to federal and provincial governments. The pursuit of constitutional amendments that reform the relationship between varied levels of government is necessary to establish greater political decentralization to empower the local communities to address local problems with local solutions. This inherently requires constitutional protection for local decision-making.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Through citizen assemblies, work towards the implementation of proportional representation.
  2. Lower the voting age to 16.
  3. Recognize local government as a constitutionally-protected Order of Government.

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Section Three

Reimagining Our Justice System

Introduction

Justice is a central tenet in the Green Party of Canada’s vision. Our holistic conceptualization makes clear to us that justice has a place in everything that we do and that we must prioritize equal treatment for everyone and our ecosystems. Justice, therefore, must take center stage in all of our activities in order to ensure that our country is a place of freedom, equity, and free from all forms of discrimination. We will continue the fight to end the ongoing inequities faced by so many people, reimagining our outdated laws, and restructuring our criminal justice system.

Undoing Systemic Inequalities

We do not believe that people are predisposed to commit crimes, rather, we hold that this colonial society was built to oppress people on the basis of race, gender, class, religion, sexual orientation, culture, and mental and physical ability. It is clear to us that poverty and its criminalization is as a result of the systemic oppression present within our society. We will ensure that everyone’s basic needs such as housing, income, healthy nutrition, education, potable water, and clean air are provided to build a foundation that ensures that these policies succeed to the maximum of their potential. The prejudice and inequalities in access to legal representation among other factors has resulted in a large portion of the incarcerated populations being there through no fault of their own but as a result of the system that has failed them repeatedly. Even our system of fines for minor offenses is incredibly unequal as the impact that it has depends entirely on one's financial situation. This system is inherently flawed and oppressive, we are committed to ensuring that all policies and recommendations we make are just for all people living on this land.

Police Abolition

The historic legacy, contemporary state violence, and creeping militarization of Canadian police forces, who have long infringed on our cherished civil liberties, undermined reconciliation with Indigenous communities, and harmed public trust and safety must be reigned in. As we have seen on Wet'suwet'en territory and in light of recent protests against police brutality in Canada and the U.S., it has become ever more clear that marginalized communities continue to face disproportionate levels of surveillance and arrest by law enforcement and reform can wait no longer. The police stand as a reflection of the blunt reality of coercive state violence prevalent within any nation, but we as a society determine the level of tolerance that we have for state violence. In this regard, we understand the necessity for armed responses to violent criminal activity but believe that our current status quo reflects a system that callously and frequently uses state violence as a default strategy. Instead, we should move to defund, demilitarize, and ultimately dismantle police departments. This transition should be met with increased community funding into social services, arts and culture, recreation, and a multitude of community-oriented investments. We should place increased emphasis on non-violent community response to a majority of domestic affairs, for instance by utilizing additional experts in mental health. Where necessary, there should be a small contingent group of armed community officers to respond to criminal violence, with strict federal limits on its size and scope. By doing so, we can reinvigorate community security, thereby improving peace and safety for all people of this land.

Prison Abolition and Restorative Justice

Our nation’s judicial system has moved forward a little over the past few decades by embracing some alternative sentencing options. Systemic inequalities have led to the over-representation of Black and Indigenous peoples in our prison system, comprising 8% and 30% of the total prison population, respectively. Once freed, the  reduced access to housing, employment, and education opportunities due to their criminal history and the rigidity and sheer volume of parole restrictions placed upon releases make it exceptionally difficult to stay out of the system. Those who can not afford to post bond are held until their court date while also facing pressure to plead guilty to a crime they may not have committed. It is evident that more often than not, the situation of those who pass through our prisons is made worse rather than better upon release. The overemphasis placed on punitive sentencing and the parole system are dehumanizing and not genuinely constructed with the goal of rehabilitation in mind.  

Current restorative justice programs are completely insufficient. Moving forward, we must embrace a more inclusive and compassionate lens to view judicial issues that seek to genuinely address criminal activity in a more comprehensive way to reflect the wider needs of affected parties and their communities. Community-led conflict mediation and post-prison recovery programs are often underutilized, if not completely absent from their much needed place within this conversation., By adopting a restorative justice model similar to many Nordic countries (like Denmark) as standard practice, our need for prisons will ultimately be reduced to minimal levels, only being utilized for serious violent criminals who present a direct threat to the broader society. Furthermore, our prisons must reflect our nation's humanitarian beliefs and treat prisoners with compassion.

Decriminalization of Victimless Offenses

Our prisons are increasingly populated by victimless criminal offenders. Sex work, drug-related offenses, undocumented migration, obscenity, and public intoxication are all examples of victimless crime that do not require and should not be met with criminal charges. We will have to fundamentally change our understanding of justice and re-write laws to meet our evolving social values. By decriminalizing areas such as drug use and sex work, we can shift the focus from punishment to public safety, only incarcerating those who pose a direct risk to the public.

Policy Recommendations

  1. System of fines (financial and/or community service) graduated based on days of life inconvenienced and fiscal ability.
  2. Defund the RCMP, mandate defunding of police forces.
  3. Implement restorative and recovery based justice, ultimately abolishing prisons. 
  4. Decriminalize drug use and sex work.

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Section Four

Comprehensive Health

Introduction

Health is at the forefront of all of our minds, especially as the COVID-19 pandemic has brought light to the inequities, under-funding, and shortcomings of our healthcare system. We acknowledge that health needs to be considered holistically, including mental health, physical health, preventative health, and ensuring that access to healthcare is equitable and easy. 

Mental Health

Mental health is deteriorating across the country, especially among young people in the face of climate grief and the ongoing global pandemic. The majority of mental illnesses have their onset in childhood or adolescence, and the number of cases of mental illness are much higher in marginalized youth populations. Many other communities also struggle with receiving adequate mental health care, particularly veterans, Black people, Indigenous peoples, 2SLGBTQ+ people, and those living with disabilities. We acknowledge that many mental health pressures are the result of unsafe living conditions, inadequate access to proper housing, unsafe working conditions, unlivable wages, and discrimination. By committing to creating a national mental health program to increase access to care, particularly for marginalized groups, we will continue to work towards a just and equitable society to reduce these stressors.

Preventative Health

Chronic illnesses are one of the primary causes of mortality among Canadians, and put a strain on healthcare systems. One of the most important methods to prevent the onset of chronic illnesses, and increase overall physical and mental health, is increasing physical activity. Only 16% of Canadians undertake the recommended 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per week. We acknowledge, however, that access to a physically active lifestyle is inequitable; low levels of physical activity are highly correlated with social pressures, long work days, family responsibilities, and inadequate access to environments appropriate for recreation and active transportation. We support creating more physically active communities in all areas across the country. A hypothetical neighbourhood conducive to physical activity would have well-maintained green spaces, trails, parks, recreational centers, gyms, accessible amenities, bike infrastructure, and social programs encouraging culturally relevant physical activities.

Streamlining Healthcare Data

It is extremely difficult for patients to access their medical records in our current healthcare system, creating barriers for patients advocating for themselves when moving across provinces and when seeking appropriate healthcare. This also affects those without access to a family doctor or who are otherwise underserved by the healthcare system, including Black, Indigenous, and 2SLGBTQ+ patients, and those with disabilities. Large portions of the population do not have a family doctor, and risk not receiving appropriate care without easier access to their medical records. We will advocate for streamlining healthcare data so that patients can access their medical records and more easily access treatment.

Inequities in Healthcare

Although this country is often revered for its healthcare system, many people still do not have adequate access. Many of these problems are solvable by increasing access to healthcare, and providing healthcare professionals with the necessary training and resources. In particular: 

  • Black communities and Indigenous communities often have lower access to healthcare, lower quality of care, no access to culturally relevant care, and higher incidences of chronic illnesses like asthma and cancer;
  • 2SLGBTQ+ patients often do not receive proper treatment. Many healthcare workers do not have adequate resources for treating 2SLGBTQ+ patients or adequate training to provide the proper care, and stigmas around 2SLGBTQ+ family structures and common illnesses create barriers in healthcare settings;
  • Veterans are often left without proper treatment for PTSD, other mental illnesses, or physical injuries incurred as a result of their military service;
  • Victims of domestic and sexual abuse are often not taken seriously, and need to be given protection and proper care; 
  • Disabled individuals do not have federal protection for their rights, which must be rectified;
  • Long-term care homes must be public, with a national standard of care and management for residents. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that the privatization of long-term care homes can lead to dire circumstances;
  • Migrants deserve access to our healthcare system. It is unjust to not provide these services, given our dependence on migrant workers in many industries. Similarly, barriers to seeking healthcare must also be removed for immigrants and refugees
  • Fatphobia needs to be eliminated from healthcare practices. Healthcare practitioners are frequently biased against heavier individuals, who often don’t receive adequate care, or are assumed to be unhealthy because of their weight.

Finally, many areas have a shortage of doctors, and massive waitlists for family doctors, while many immigrants with medical training are prevented from practicing. These problems can be addressed with a simplified means for certification of foreign-trained medical professionals.

The Climate Crisis is a Public Health Emergency

Leading climate scientists and epidemiologists are certain that the climate crisis and planetary exploitation will lead to direct health impacts, and future pandemics similar to, and worse than, the one we face right now. The health of humans is directly tied to the health of the planet. To promote holistic health, we must act on climate change, heed the recommendations of scientists, and apply evidence-based solutions. While mitigating climate change, we must also help communities adapt to the current and future impacts, especially Indigenous communities, Black communities, youth, coastal communities, and climate refugees.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Implement a national mental health strategy including universal access to mental health care, ensuring proper resources for the communities most in need.
  2. Create a national standard of practice for long-term care homes, and move long-term care homes to the public domain. 
  3. Create a national training program for healthcare workers that streamlines health data across provinces and improves resources and equitable access to treatment that is sensitive to people's experiences, gender, sexual orientation, race, and culture. 
  4. Create a healthcare plan acknowledging our connection to the health of the planet, improves access to healthcare, and that helps communities adapt to climate change.

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Section Five

Liveable Communities and Compassionate Social Policy

Introduction

To promote the health, well-being, sustainability, and the economic stability of society, we must improve the liveability of communities across the country. This means ensuring that residents in Canada have the means not only to survive, but to thrive, and to respond to threats like climate change. We also believe that this means reigniting local communities and strengthening the bonds between neighbours so that we can work collectively towards a better future for generations to come.

Housing

Housing should be recognized as a basic human right. Rental and housing costs across the country are much higher than average incomes and they are continuing to rise rapidly. These rising costs make safe, quality, and affordable housing a rare luxury, leaving many in precarious  living conditions with landlords who take advantage of them or experiencing homelessness. This issue is particularly salient in relation to housing on Indigenous reserves, which is often decrepit, unsafe, and in need of major repair. Additionally, landlords often discriminate against Black, Indigenous, and 2SLGBTQ+ renters (resulting in a disproportionate rate of homelessness). Current focuses in housing have been on the development of sprawling, unaffordable, inaccessible, and unsustainable communities on the outskirts of large cities. We are committed to providing more affordable housing and investment in housing co-ops across the country. We will work towards the non-commodification of housing.

Transportation

Transportation across the country is costly, polluting, and slow. We need to transition to a more sustainable, accessible, and efficient transportation model to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, ensure ease of access for even the most rural communities, and reduce the cost of domestic travel. In urban areas it is essential that we build free and electrified public transportation options, reconnect previously-serviced remote communities through intercity public bussing, and reinvigorate rail travel through a variety of modalities appropriate to each region.

Community Energy

Most energy in the country is managed by private or semi-public companies which do not benefit local communities. We would ensure more investment in community and cooperative-owned renewable energy that would create jobs, adaptability, improve resilience, and improve energy security, especially in rural areas. We can not dictate a set of energy sources for the country as a whole, but rather, we advocate for the creation of energy systems that make the most sense for the regions in question. To ensure efficiency and reliability we hope to connect community level micro grids to a large-scale cross country system. It is imperative that we increase our investment in local renewable energy projects, especially at the community level to invest directly in Canadians. Strategies such as ending our reliance on foreign oil would ensure that our resources are attained in an ethical and sustainable fashion, and developing a nation-wide renewable energy grid from coast to coast to coast would continue to propel us towards a green economy. 

Policy Recommendations

  1. Implement a national affordable housing strategy that prioritizes ending homelessness.
  2. Revitalize the national and municipal transportation systems to be more accessible, efficient, fast, and sustainable. 
  3. Provide national incentives for localized community-owned projects like urban farms, community-owned energy, and climate adaptation or mitigation projects.

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Section Six

Transitioning to a Local, Just, and Circular Economy

Introduction

Economic indicators, such as GDP, reflect the lack of priority placed on overall collective well-being and sustainable development. For that reason, among many others, our economic system is not geared towards either of these objectives, allowing for the exploitation of both our people and our planet. Currently, many of our industries are damaging the health and wellbeing of people and environment across the globe, and as such, we have an obligation to explore new and innovative ways to help move us towards a circular economic model. Our vision for a brighter future necessitates that our economy be just, sustainable, and localized.

Small Business Relief

Small businesses are the core of our local economies, and we want to empower them to be able to function in a truly local and sustainable manner. We want to eliminate the pressure of “unending growth” on small businesses. If we want to build a truly circular economy in Canada, we need to think differently in terms of what success in business means. Through tax relief, grants, and subsidies, we want to incentivize and reward businesses that commit to becoming carbon-neutral, zero-waste, and economically and environmentally just.

A Fair System of Taxation

In a Green economy, everyone contributes their fair share to the collective wellbeing. Today, the growing gap between rich and poor indicates that something is wrong and our taxation system is reflective of that disparity. Quite often, richer Canadians are recipients of lucrative tax breaks and corporate subsidies, but manage to avoid paying their fair share by hiding money in cushy tax havens. In order to produce a more equitable taxation system, we need to go after wealthy Canadians using tax havens, end tax breaks that disproportionately benefit the well-off, and end corporate subsidies. Furthermore, we must implement a high wealth cap, with steep marginal tax rates for high income earners. We must also reflect the realities of the climate emergency within our tax system by implementing a reasonably high and socially just revenue-neutral carbon pricing model, which recognizes both the urgent action required to lower GHG emissions, and the regressive nature of most carbon taxes, given the burden they place on those working paycheque to paycheque as well as those in rural communities. Our tax system must be reformed and to echo our core beliefs of justice, equity, and sustainability.

Guaranteed Liveable Income

By establishing a Guaranteed Livable Income (GLI) program we could replace some of the current array of income supports, such as social assistance and income supplements. Payment would be set at a region-specific “livable” for every part of the country. Unlike existing income support programs, additional income would not be clawed back, and those on existing programs would find increased stability. Those earning above a certain total income would pay the GLI back in taxes, meaning that cost would not increase significantly. The development of our GLI program would be centred around justice and equity. We understand that a GLI is not the solution to all our concerns, but rather a stepping stone and a needed safety precaution as we move to a democratized economy.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Introduce a revamped revenue-neutral carbon tax regime. Restructure our tax code to remove the burden from the average person and small business.  
  2. Implement a wealth cap, and new marginal tax brackets for high income earners.  
  3. Collaborate with provincial governments to implement a region specific Guaranteed Liveable Income.

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Section Seven

The Future of Technology

Introduction

Technology is a major factor in all our lives. It helps us communicate with each other, advances our understanding of the world, and aids in our fight against some of our greatest collective challenges such as the climate crisis. However, we also understand that we must assess and mitigate any risk arising from these areas in order to ensure that technology is used to achieve equity and justice. It is also pivotal to ensure that all Canadians have equal access to communications and other technologies. We must thus look to the future to evaluate our evolving needs and ensure that new and innovative technologies are created with the intent of fighting crises, that it ensures private data is protected, and civil liberties are defended.

Privacy Rights and Ethical Use of Technology

Privacy rights are central to any functioning liberal democracy and as our ever changing technological capabilities develop, the risk of losing those privacy rights increases. From CSIS spying of Indigenous rights groups to tech giants carelessly handling private data, this threat to our civil liberties is widespread. Though these issues exist, we understand the necessity to use data to better our society, whether it is to fight climate change or plan our neighbourhoods. In an effort to balance these concerns, we are advocating for the creation of an expert-driven and independent regulatory agency to develop guidelines for both governments and corporations. This regulatory regime will be oriented towards prioritizing civil liberties, empowering personal ownership over private data, and establishing clear institutional responsibility over the protection of private data, and. Furthermore, we will enshrine the right to encryption and invest in the research and development of secure wireless technologies.

Artificial Intelligence and Automation

While the increasing proliferation and sophistication of AI and automation technologies have created a myriad of opportunities, they are also creating threats that we have never faced before. We must ensure that our values are echoed in the use and development of these technologies and the systems which regulate them. Currently there is no regulation to this industry, and we believe that must change, and has the opportunity to strengthen the industry by giving it credibility. It is our goal to push industry to create AI technologies with the aim of sustainability, strengthening community resilience, and aiding our emergency preparedness. The other concern with AI and automation is the large scale loss of jobs as we know them across many sectors. There are a number of solutions to this including investment into growing job sectors, funding training programs, tracking of job trends, and ensuring financial support during career transitioning.

Equal Access

The closing of schools and offices brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the already large inequalities that exist with regard to access to technology. This digital divide can be addressed by ensuring that all people have equal access to affordable, reliable, and fast mobile and home internet. We will also move towards creating legislation that guarantees that consumers have the right to repair and control their electronic devices.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Enshrine data and privacy rights into Canadian law, while holding government and corporations accountable for illegal surveillance. 
  2. Create a national proactive strategy in responding to the development of Artificial Intelligence, including a separate regulatory body. 
  3. Expand digital accessibility through guaranteeing the right to repair, as well as classifying access to the internet as a basic necessity.

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Section Eight

21st Century Labour

Introduction

Each and every person is essential to the progress and prosperity of our country. Yet, many of our major industries are lending to the combining forces of our current environmental and ecological crisis, whilst damaging the health of everyone, and infringing on the rights of Indigenous peoples. In response, we are committed to studying a variety of economic directions to determine where our future efforts would be most beneficial to the country as a whole as well as supporting everyone directly throughout their transitions to new industries, guaranteeing access to education, and enshrining their labour rights into law.

Career Training and Industry Transitions

With the increasing threat of the global climate crisis and job loss due to technological displacement, it is clear our current way of life is not sustainable. We must invest in people directly through career training and career transition services, equal and affordable access to education, and putting greater focus on research to ensure that all future policies are grounded in genuine and reliable scientific information. To do so, we are committed to ensuring that tuition is free at all post-secondary institutions and training programs, and that student debt is forgiven.

Labour Rights

We have long fought to gain guaranteed labour rights; we want to continue this fight into the 21st century. We are committed to establishing a federal wage commission to work with the provinces to ensure a region-specific livable wage, extending the rights of unionized workers to all workers, and pushing to amend our Charter to include workers’ rights. This must include the rights to collective bargaining, workplace safety, and freedom from unjust termination. We must ensure that migrant workers and international students share the same labour rights of everyone.

Work-Life Balance 

It is reported that 1 in every 4 people in this country have quit a job due to work-related stress. Part of our vision of a just and equitable society includes the ability for all Canadians to have sustainable work-life balance. This will be achieved partially by ensuring a livable wage and creating a national childcare program to reduce personal expenditures. We will also push to shorten the workweek in order to ensure everyone can enjoy everything that they have worked for. We also wish to extend and require implementation of paid sick leave, as well as vacation time.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Invest in free post-secondary education, career transition services, and the forgiveness of student loan debt.
  2. Amend the Charter to include workers’ rights.
  3. Shorten the workweek to ensure a work-life balance.

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Section Nine

Resilience

Introduction

Resilience presents itself in many areas in Canada, from resilience to climate change and natural disasters, to our food and water supply, and our economies, it is an important area to focus on. As a result of climate change, some areas of Canada will become more habitable than others, and we must respond to these threats by building strong communities capable of rebuilding and migrating to safe homes. Resilience is our ability to recover quickly from problems, and we believe that with the right planning in place, Canada can be an incredibly resilient place.

Food Security

Food Security is a huge part of the resilience puzzle. We are lucky to be able to produce much of the food we need, but many of our food systems are extremely insecure, and some cities only have a few days of food supply at any given time. Reducing our reliance on global food systems is crucial to increasing our food security and capacity, with the ultimate goal of being 100% self-reliant. Regional food security can be increased by expanding urban farming, and improving policies to support buying local. Small-scale local organic polyculture also plays a crucial role in mitigating climate change, restoring soil health, and providing sustainable livelihoods.

Agriculture

We must restructure our agricultural markets by transitioning away from factory farming, subsidizing local farming instead of industrial agrochemicals, and providing farm families with a fair share of the consumer food dollar. Our food security and safety are threatened directly by agribusiness as factory farms crowd animals into inhumane and unhygienic conditions, creating the risk of serious health threats. Additionally, diversifying crops away from industrial monocultures is crucial for increasing the resilience of crops to disturbances, and increasing the nutrition available for our consumption.  

Water Security

Monitoring, protecting, and conserving freshwater is a major political challenge. As stewards of 9% of the world’s renewable water, we are ethically bound to conserving it for this and future generations. Groundwater makes up over 90% of our freshwater; this resource is being exploited by oil and gas activities with minimal understanding of the impacts to major aquifers supported by surface water. While most citizens have access to safe water, Health Canada indicates that as many as 85 Indigenous communities (under the sole jurisdiction of the federal government) are under boil-water advisories. As our population, economic activities, and communities grow, water problems will become increasingly common. 

Emergency Preparedness 

It is pivotal for us to be prepared for future climate impacts, especially in terms of infrastructure resilience and our more vulnerable populations. By supporting and funding municipalities on the front lines, we can improve our capacity to withstand the impacts of increasing extreme weather events. We must also prepare to resettle climate refugees from areas that will become unlivable due to climate change, both from within and from across the globe. Stable, reliable funding must be established for Indigenous communities and other communities that will experience the worst impacts of climate change, including Black communities, 2SLGBTQ+ communities, coastal communities, and rural communities.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Reduce reliance on global food systems for all communities, with a goal for Canada to be 100% self-reliant.
  2. Create a national seed bank to protect native species from extinction.
  3. Develop a national water strategy that prioritizes access to clean water and the monitoring of water sources
  4. Provide funding to local governments for adaptation, mitigation, and emergency response programs.

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Section Ten

Ecosystem Regeneration

Introduction

Urbanization, biodiversity loss, climate change – human impact has undeniably taken its toll on the planet. Ecosystem Regeneration means bringing back qualities that have been lost, restoring an area of land to its natural state, and possibly reintroducing species that had been driven out or exterminated. Conservation, while significant and worthwhile, is almost like hitting “pause” for species and ecosystems, whereas ecosystem regeneration emphasizes the restoration of wildlife and their habitats that have been driven out.

Conservation Strategy

Our concern for and protection of the natural integrity of our environment is pivotal as we move towards regenerating the ecosystems of our nation. This means ending the practice of cutting old-growth forests, monitoring soil health, providing ecological security to at-risk wildlife populations, safeguarding vital wetland ecosystems, and prioritizing the conservation of our bodies of water. All of this can be done through partnerships with businesses, provincial and municipal governments, as well as Indigenous communities. Our intention is to provide the highest reasonable degree of conservation and restoration, as we understand that our health and survival is dependent on the natural world, and that we are a component of our ecosystems, not separate entities.

Biodiversity

We need to achieve our international biodiversity commitments. To do this, we must implement the recommendations of conservation scientists for effective action to preserve: 

  • Critically threatened habitats
  • Keystone species, endangered species, and species of commercial or cultural value, especially those of value to Indigenous communities
  • Habitats specifically threatened by climate change
  • Continuous interconnected tracts of habitat for wide-range migrating species sufficient to maintain viable populations. 

Other strategies include advocating for the purchase of private land, where necessary, to help protect critical habitats with increased monitoring and protection efforts. Furthermore, we will work with provincial and territorial governments to end all trophy hunting in Canada, whilst supporting subsistence hunting by Indigenous and non-Indigenous people of wild animals. Through all of this we must remain aware that Indigenous communities are the stewards and guardians of 85% of the world's biodiversity.

The Rights of Nature

Part of ecological wisdom is the recognition that the natural world has inherent rights. Nature should have rights, and one way we can make that happen is to grant legal rights to natural environments and ecologies. This would solidify restoration and protection efforts for all natural bodies of water, as well as encourage research funding. This should eventually include expanding the legal rights of all animal species, especially endangered species such as the Orca.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Give legal rights to nature and animal species.
  2. Create & implement an ecosystem regeneration plan led by Indigenous peoples that focuses on conserving ecosystems & preserving biodiversity through a two-eyed seeing approach, using both western science and Traditional Ecological Knowledge.
  3. Work with local governments to expand wild spaces in urban & residential areas, and preserve habitats from urbanization.

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Section Eleven

Addressing Domestic Vulnerabilities

Introduction

During the 21st century, Canada is poised to be subjected to recurring crises that will strain our national capacities in unique and challenging ways. In order to demonstrate proactivity and readiness, our public safety institutions need to be provided with the necessary support and reflect measured responses consistent with living in a free, open, and just society. 

Strengthening Emergency Capabilities

We are dedicated to bolstering our national capacity for emergency preparedness. Given the series of current and future crises to Canada in the 21st century, we need to proactively respond to those challenges and work towards creating a more resilient nation. The federal government must expand investment into public and private research towards understanding the complexities of the climate crisis’ impact on Canadian society and the current capabilities of relevant emergency response systems. Understanding these complexities today will allow us to prepare and minimize threats emerging in the future. Once these complexities are better understood, they need to be effectively communicated to provincial, territorial, and local governments so that unique responses can be developed. We must also put aside stable funding for provincial, territorial, and local governments to begin preparing the necessary measures. Emphasis on federal trust to other levels of government is oriented around empowering bottom-up responses that recognize local and regional needs.

Military Reform

We are dedicated to reforming the nature and role of the Canadian Armed Forces within Canada and the wider world. By listening to military experts, we would like to strengthen the Canadian military in fulfilling our concern for national defense, domestic emergency response, international assistance commitments, and United Nations peacekeeping. For these reasons, we would like to see the military moving towards being more multi-purposed and oriented towards rapid-response. All of this is being geared towards a general realignment towards more humanitarian priorities within our domestic and global policy. Additionally, the Canadian military has been chronically ill-supplied and low paid, resulting in lower enrollment rates compared to previous decades. Priority should be on the wellbeing of military personnel and their families.

Addressing Climate Vulnerabilities in the Canadian Arctic

Already plagued by a multitude of various vulnerabilities to human and ecological security, the impacts of climate change are and will continue to amplify the consequences of inaction. As a remedy to this particular threat to Arctic communities, we must move towards massive investment into building and retrofitting critical infrastructure, transportation, housing, and supply chain networks. This effort needs to be pioneered by territorial, local, and Indigenous governments with full federal support to empower unique solutions to these complex challenges.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Bolster our National Capacity for Emergency Preparedness.
  2. Work towards Reforming the Canadian Armed Forces to focus on emergency and humanitarian response.
  3. Implement a proactive and community-led Northern strategy to respond to vulnerabilities within the Arctic region.

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Section Twelve

Peaceful International Collaboration

Introduction

This campaign is committed to peaceful and just international collaboration that elevates global cooperation. Through continued responsible participation with international organizations, support for multilateral emergency responses to planetary crises, advances in Canada’s reputation as an open society, and the movement towards greater neutrality between global powers to take the role of an “honest broker,” we can become a leader in global cooperation. We recognize that global cooperation is an absolute necessity in facing the daunting challenges of the 21st century and Canada has a role to play in fostering that cooperation.

Canada’s Role within NATO

We are dedicated to reforming the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to be more responsive to the dynamic threats to our global community. When NATO was first established in the late 1940s, it was created for the purpose of being a deterrent to Soviet aggression. Since then, however, the world has radically changed in the nature of its security threats, but as it currently stands, NATO maintains deep skepticism of the intentions of Russian geopolitical interests. While there are rightfully many concerns for Russian military activity (for Canada and the wider global community), the continued tit-for-tat escalation will not improve global security in any capacity. Canada needs to take a leadership role within reforming NATO to play a global role in de-escalating the military build-up between NATO and Russia. Instead, NATO’s focus should be on addressing climate change and advancing human rights.

Canada’s Role in United Nations Peacekeeping

We are dedicated to reinvigorating Canadian involvement in United Nations Peacekeeping missions. As of the past few years, despite the fact that global conflicts have continued to escalate (specifically between non-state actors) and climate change is poised to amplify the intensity of these conflicts in the future, Canadian commitment to UN Peacekeeping missions reached a historical low in 2018. While peacekeeping missions have varied levels of effectiveness, based on a multitude of factors, the lack of global intervention has the high potential to broadly worsen threats to human rights and security. We need to return to our global role and expand our commitment to UN Peacekeeping operations as a means of fulfilling our responsibility to stand up to mass injustice.

Liberalization of Immigration

Canadian immigration policy is often heralded as an expression of our open society, but continued restrictions at our borders do exist and they undermine our efforts to pursue economic prosperity, humanitarian ambitions, and rollback the colonial legacy of our national borders. For these reasons, our campaign is dedicated to the liberalization of the Canadian immigration controls and decriminalization of undocumented migration. First and foremost, while maintaining a realistic definition of borders for international relationships, and respecting Indigenous rights and sovereignty, anyone should be free to enter, work in, learn in, live in, and leave Canada with the minimum possible bureaucratic constraints. Secondly, we should amend the Immigration and Refugee Act to decriminalize undocumented migration into Canada. Criminalization of undocumented migration forces already vulnerable people to pursue risky endeavors for entry, to be subjected to labour exploitation, and to lose out on vital government services. Ultimately, we need to recognize the historical legacy of the settlement on Turtle Island by moving towards a decolonized open borders policy.

Refugee Resettlement

We are dedicated to increasing refugee resettlement in Canada by expanding the Private Refugee Sponsorship Program. As suggested by the Canadian Global Affairs Institute, we should remove the current cap on privately-sponsored refugee applicants and divert more resources to assisting in the streamlined processing of privately-sponsored refugees (which are currently held back by top-down government bureaucracy). Privately-sponsored refugees, according to Statistics Canada, generally have higher employment rates and income levels in the long run. As an additional note, refugee processing should be greatly increased in general, a policy consistent with current Green Party policy and the emerging needs of the global climate refugee population. This reform is based on building on the strengths of civil society through a more bottom-up refugee policy, while still recognizing the essential need for government assistance in the matter.

Policy Recommendations

  1. Work towards advancing Canadian leadership with NATO by spearheading de-escalation efforts and the pivot towards climate mitigation/adaptation efforts.
  2. Strengthen Canada’s role in UN peacekeeping.
  3. Liberalize Canadian immigration policy and decriminalize undocumented migration
  4. Increase refugee resettlement in Canada by expanding the Private Refugee Sponsorship Program.

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